), is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip Efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace.People who live in a country that issues a reserve currency can purchase imports and borrow across borders more cheaply than people in other nations because they don't need to exchange their currency to do so.By the end of the 20th century, the United States dollar was considered the world's most dominant reserve currency, and the world's need for dollars has allowed the United States government as well as Americans to borrow at lower costs, granting them an advantage in excess of 0 billion per year. However, the U. dollar's status as a reserve currency, by increasing in value, hurts U. exporters. The Dutch guilder emerged as a de facto world currency in the 18th century due to unprecedented domination of trade by the Dutch East India Company. However, the development of the modern concept of a reserve currency took place in the mid nineteenth century, with the introduction of national central banks and treasuries and an increasingly integrated global economy.Questions here range from ancient history to history-in-the-making, political views to decisions of lawmakers, and present and past societies and how people relate to each other within their societies. From the beginning of our country until the end of WWII, our battles / wars made sense to the masses for the most part. Space "Firsts" The first person in space was Yuri Gagarin from the USSR. The first American in space was Alan Sheppard, who was launched into space aboard Mercury 3 on May 5, 1961.
Second, the new country became divided philosphocally about the powers between the federal and state governments. Most attacks that fail could have succeeded had circumstances been slightly different.However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been implemented.The population of Israel, as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2017 to be 8,692,980 people.It is the world's only Jewish-majority state, with 74.8% being designated as Jewish.The country's second largest group of citizens are Arabs, at 20.8% (including the Druze and most East Jerusalem Arabs).